Pharmacists are allied health professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use.The mortar and pestle is an international symbol of pharmacists and pharmacies. The role of the pharmacist has shifted from the classical "lick, stick, and pour" dispensary role (that is, "lick & stick the labels, count & pour the pills"), to being an integrated member of the health care team directly involved in patient care.
Pharmacists undergo university-level education to understand biochemical mechanisms of action of drugs, drug uses and therapeutic roles, side effects, potential interactions, and monitoring parameters. This is mated to education in anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology. Professional interpretation and communication of this specialized knowledge to patients, physicians, and other health care providers are functions which pharmacists provide, and are central to the provision of safe and effective drug therapy.
In many countries, pharmacists must hold the title of Doctor of Pharmacy in order to exercise their profession. The most common pharmacist positions are that of a community pharmacist...